The Nigerian Center for Disease Control has announced a total of 19,228 suspected cases of cholera including 466 deaths so far in 2022.
The NCDC revealed this in its latest Weekly Epidemiological Report on the Cholera Situation for weeks 40 to 43 published on its official website on Friday.
Thirty-one states have reported suspected cholera cases in 2022, the report shows.
Cholera is an acute diarrheal disease caused by Vibrio cholerae, a Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium.
In Nigeria, cholera is an endemic and seasonal disease that occurs mainly during the rainy season each year and is more common in areas with poor sanitation.
Part of the report reads “Thirty-one states have reported suspected cases of cholera in 2022. These states are Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benu Aye, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ekiti, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kwara, Lagos, Nasarawa, Niger, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe and Zamfara.
“During the reporting month, 5304 suspected cases were reported from seven states – Borno (4920), Yobe (191), Gombe (93), Sokoto (81), Taraba (11), Bauchi (6) and Adamawa.
“There was a 28% increase in the number of new suspected cases in October Epi Week 40-43 (5304) compared to September Epi Week 36-39 (4153).
“During the reporting week, 516 suspected cases were reported in Borno (514) and Yobe (2).
“Borno and Yobe states accounted for 100% of the 516 suspected cases reported in week 43.
“During the reporting week, two rapid diagnostic tests for cholera were performed at Borno 1 (100% positive) and Yobe 1 (0% positive).
“One stool culture test was performed in Borno State, 1 (100% positive) reported at week 43.
“Of the reported cases, there has been one death, for a weekly case fatality rate of 0.2%.
“No new state-reported cases in week 43.
“The National Multisectoral Cholera TWG continues to monitor the state response.”